National Electric Vehicle Infrastructure

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National Electric Vehicle Infrastructure

The Bipartisan Infrastructure Law, enacted as the Infrastructure Investment and Jobs Act (IIJA), Public Law 117-58 (Nov. 15, 2021), includes important new programs to address climate change by reducing carbon emissions. Among these programs is the National Electric Vehicle Infrastructure (NEVI) Formula Program that will provide funding to states to strategically deploy electric vehicle (EV) charging infrastructure and establish an interconnected network. These historic investments in EV charging infrastructure will put the United States on a path to a nationwide network of 500,000 EV chargers by 2030 and ensure a convenient, reliable, affordable, and equitable charging experience for all users.

New Mexico Department of Transportation (NMDOT) expects to receive around $38 million from this program over five years from the U.S. Department of Transportation (US DOT) to install EV charging infrastructure with a US DOT priority on Interstate highway locations.

NEVI Infrastructure Deployment Plan

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NMDOT EV Infrastructure Survey / Encuesta De Infraestructura de Vehiculos Electricos

Infraestructura Nacional de Vehículos Eléctricos

La Ley de Infraestructura Bipartidista, promulgada como Ley de Inversión en Infraestructura y Empleos (IIJA, por sus siglas en inglés ), Ley Pública 117-58 (15 de noviembre de 2021), incluye importantes programas nuevos para abordar el cambio climático mediante la reducción de las emisiones de carbono. Entre estos programas se encuentra el Programa de Fórmula de Infraestructura Nacional de Vehículos Eléctricos (NEVI, por sus siglas en inglés) que proporcionará fondos a los estados para implementar estratégicamente la infraestructura de carga de vehículos eléctricos (EV, por sus siglas en inglés) y establecer una red interconectada. Estas inversiones históricas en infraestructura de carga de vehículos eléctricos pondrán a los Estados Unidos en el camino hacia una red nacional de 500 000 cargadores de vehículos eléctricos para 2030 y garantizarán una experiencia de carga conveniente, confiable, asequible y equitativa para todos los usuarios.

El Departamento de Transporte de Nuevo México (NMDOT, por sus siglas en inglés) espera recibir alrededor de $38 millones de este programa durante cinco años del Departamento de Transporte de EE. UU. (US DOT, por sus siglas en inglés) para instalar infraestructura de carga de vehículos eléctricos con prioridad del DOT de EE. UU. en ubicaciones de autopistas interestatales.

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In November 2021, the Investment and Jobs Act (IIJA) allocated up to $7.5 billion over five years for states to enhance their Electric Vehicle charging infrastructure.

The electric vehicle infrastructure funding will help EV drivers to have regular access to charging stations to help avoid a situation where a driver could be stranded without services. Additionally, the added infrastructure will bolster tourism as EV vehicles become more popular nationwide.

There are two sources for funding: Federal Formula Funding and Discretionary Grants

New Mexico is allocated $5.6 million this year and expects $7 million each year for the next four years for a total of $38 million for EV infrastructure, including:

  • Acquisition and installation of EV charging infrastructure and traffic control devices and signs.
  • Operation and maintenance of EV charging infrastructure for up to five years.
  • Data sharing about EV infrastructure to ensure long-term success of equipment installed under the formula program.
  • Development activities related to acquisition or installation.
  • Mapping and analysis to evaluate locations for charging infrastructure.

In preparation to execute NEVI funding and other program incentives, the state is currently developing a NEVI Plan and will host virtual meetings over the next months to allow the public and interested parties to provide comments and feedback. The NEVI Plan is due to the Federal government in August 2022.

Formula Funding Details

State agencies will not own, operate or maintain the charging infrastructure through the NEVI program. Instead, this funding will be used to incentivize private industry to build the corridors. The first round of Federal guidance specifies some finer details of the program, including distance between chargers, strength of chargers and other requirements.

Guidance requires formula funding to be prioritized on charging stations installed along designated Alternative Fuel Corridors, especially the interstate corridors, before being installed elsewhere. Currently New Mexico’s interstates are designated as “EV Corridor-Pending” status by the FHWA. The Secretary of the U.S. Department of Transportation is the decision authority on when corridor build out is complete.

Guidance also requires charging infrastructure to be open to the public or to authorized commercial motor vehicle operators from more than one company. Chargers cannot be located more than 1 mile from the interstate off-ramp and be no more than 50 miles apart from each other. There are also specifications for charger strength, with requirements for Direct Current Fast Chargers (DCFC) and 150kW and higher charging capacity in each location.

Additional guidance from the NEVI Program Joint Office is expected this summer

The New Mexico Department of Transportation (NMDOT) is working collaboratively with partners and stakeholders to develop the New Mexico National Electric Vehicle Infrastructure (NEVI) Plan. The plan is required by the Bipartisan Infrastructure Law (BIL), enacted as the Infrastructure Investment and Jobs Act (IIJA), to access National Electric Vehicle Infrastructure (NEVI) formula program funding. The NM NEVI Plan is due to the Federal Highway Administration (FHWA) by August 1, 2022.

Funds must be used for:

  1. The acquisition and installation of EV charging infrastructure to serve as a catalyst for the deployment of such infrastructure and to connect it to a network to facilitate data collection, access, and reliability;
  2. proper operation and maintenance of EV charging infrastructure; and
  3. data sharing about EV charging infrastructure to ensure the long-term success of investments made under the program.

Funding

In November 2021, the Investment and Jobs Act (IIJA) allocated up to $7.5 billion over five years for states to enhance their Electric Vehicle charging infrastructure.

The electric vehicle infrastructure funding will help EV drivers to have regular access to charging stations to help avoid a situation where a driver could be stranded without services. Additionally, the added infrastructure will bolster tourism as EV vehicles become more popular nationwide.

There are two sources for funding: Federal Formula Funding and Discretionary Grants

NEVI Formula Funding

New Mexico is allocated $5.6 million this year and expects $7 million each year for the next four years for a total of $38 million for EV infrastructure, including:

  • Acquisition and installation of EV charging infrastructure and traffic control devices and signs.
  • Operation and maintenance of EV charging infrastructure for up to five years.
  • Data sharing about EV infrastructure to ensure long-term success of equipment installed under the formula program.
  • Development activities related to acquisition or installation.
  • Mapping and analysis to evaluate locations for charging infrastructure.

In preparation to execute NEVI funding and other program incentives, the state is currently developing a NEVI Plan and will host virtual meetings over the next months to allow the public and interested parties to provide comments and feedback. The NEVI Plan is due to the Federal government in August 2022.

Formula Funding Details

State agencies will not own, operate or maintain the charging infrastructure through the NEVI program. Instead, this funding will be used to incentivize private industry to build the corridors. The first round of Federal guidance specifies some finer details of the program, including distance between chargers, strength of chargers and other requirements.

Guidance requires formula funding to be prioritized on charging stations installed along designated Alternative Fuel Corridors, especially the interstate corridors, before being installed elsewhere. Currently New Mexico’s interstates are designated as “EV Corridor-Pending” status by the FHWA. The Secretary of the U.S. Department of Transportation is the decision authority on when corridor build out is complete.

Guidance also requires charging infrastructure to be open to the public or to authorized commercial motor vehicle operators from more than one company. Chargers cannot be located more than 1 mile from the interstate off-ramp and be no more than 50 miles apart from each other. There are also specifications for charger strength, with requirements for Direct Current Fast Chargers (DCFC) and 150kW and higher charging capacity in each location.

Additional guidance from the NEVI Program Joint Office is expected this summer

Deployment Plan

The New Mexico Department of Transportation (NMDOT) is working collaboratively with partners and stakeholders to develop the New Mexico National Electric Vehicle Infrastructure (NEVI) Plan. The plan is required by the Bipartisan Infrastructure Law (BIL), enacted as the Infrastructure Investment and Jobs Act (IIJA), to access National Electric Vehicle Infrastructure (NEVI) formula program funding. The NM NEVI Plan is due to the Federal Highway Administration (FHWA) by August 1, 2022.

Funds must be used for:

  1. The acquisition and installation of EV charging infrastructure to serve as a catalyst for the deployment of such infrastructure and to connect it to a network to facilitate data collection, access, and reliability;
  2. proper operation and maintenance of EV charging infrastructure; and
  3. data sharing about EV charging infrastructure to ensure the long-term success of investments made under the program.